امکان‌سنجی فنی- اقتصادی سیستم‌های تأمین انرژی از منابع تجدیدپذیر خورشیدی و زیست توده در مناطق روستایی با اقلیم سرد و خشک

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 گروه مهندسی مکانیک، دانشگاه بین المللی امام خمینی(ره)

2 دانشگاه بین المللی امام خمینی

3 دانشگاه بین المللی امام خمینی(ره)

4 استادیار دانشگاه کردستان

چکیده

این تحقیق، به مطالعه امکان‌سنجی توسعه سیستم‌های تولید انرژی از منابع تجدیدپذیر در دسترس برای مناطق روستایی با اقلیم سرد و خشک کوهستانی (شامل سامانه‌های مبتنی بر انرژی خورشیدی و منابع زیست توده حاصل از کودهای دامی) می‌پردازد. منطقه روستایی مورد مطالعه شامل سه روستای سردسیر و سخت‌گذر پیج‌بن، نرملات و دینه‌رود واقع در الموت شرقی قزوین هستند. سه سناریو برای تأمین انرژی این منطقه روستایی ارائه و مطالعات فنی و اقتصادی آن انجام شده است. در مرحله اول، تمام گرمایش موردنیاز ساختمانی و تولید آبگرم و همچنین الکتریسیته موردنیاز با استفاده از سامانه‌های فتوولتاییک تأمین می‌شود. در سناریو دوم، گرمایش و الکتریسیته از طریق بیوگاز و سیستم تولید همزمان توان و حرارت تأمین گردیده است؛ و از حرارت موتور جهت گرم کردن هاضم استفاده شده است. در سناریوی آخر، نیاز الکتریسیته توسط سیستم فتوولتاییک و نیازهای گرمایشی توسط بیوگاز پوشش داده شده است. در این سناریو، گرمای مورد نیاز جهت عملکرد هاضم توسط سیستم فتوولتاییک تأمین می‌شود. نتایج نشان می‌دهد که سناریو دوم در نرخ‌های تنزیل 5%، 10% و 15% با ارزش فعلی خالص مثبت و نرخ بازده داخلی %44/24، %26/23 و %6/38 به ترتیب برای روستاهای پیج‌بن، نرملات و دینه‌رود، گزینه‌ای اقتصادی و بهینه‌ترین طرح است.
 

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Techno-Economic Feasibility of Energy Supply Systems from Renewable Sources of Solar and Biomass in Rural Areas Located In Cold and Dry Climate

نویسندگان [English]

  • Maryam Sadat Alaeipour 1
  • Mostafa Mafi 2
  • Mansour Khanaki 3
  • Masood Ebrahimi 4
1 Department of Mechanical Engineering, Imam Khomeini International University
2 Department of Mechanical Engineering / Imam Khomeini International University
3 Imam Khomeini International University
4 Department of Mechanical Engineering, Kurdistan University
چکیده [English]

The present work focuses on the feasibility study of locally available renewable energy production systems for mountainous rural areas with cold and dry climates (including solar systems and biomass resulted from manure dung). The studied rural area consists of three cold and impassable villages of Pichebon, Narmelat, and Dinheroud, located in Eastern Alamut of Qazvin. Three scenarios have been presented and related techno-economic analyses have been done. Firstly, all heating needs and electricity demands have been met solely by the photovoltaic system. In the second scenario, heating and electricity needs have been supplied by biogas and combined heat and power system. Moreover, the heat loss of the motor has been used to warm up the digester. In the last survey, the electricity need has been supplied by the photovoltaic system along with covering heating demand through biogas. In this scenario, the required heat to operate digester is provided using the photovoltaic system. The results show that the second scenario that has a positive Net Present Value in each discount rate (5%, 10% and 15%) and Internal Rate of Return is 24.24% 23.26% and 38.6% for Pichebon, Narmelat and Dinehroud villages, respectively, is as practical design and economic option.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Energy production system
  • mountainous rural areas
  • technical and economic calculations
  • Photovoltaic
  • Biogas
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