توسعه روش تحلیل حالت‎ها و اثرات واماندگی محصول با هدف ارائه چارچوبی جهت اجرای فاز تحلیل کارکردهای محصول در مهندسی ارزش

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

دانشکده مهندسی مکانیک، دانشگاه خواحه نصیرالدین طوسی، تهران، ایران

چکیده

تولیدکنندگان همواره بر سر تناسب بیشتر کارکردهای ارائه ‎شده توسط محصول و کیفیت آن‌ها، با قیمت محصول در مقایسه با محصولات سایر رقبا و به عبارتی ارزش بیشتر محصول در حال رقابت هستند. یکی از بهترین متدولوژی‌ها برای افزایش ارزش محصولات و پروژه‌ها، اجرای فرایند مهندسی ارزش است. یکی از فازهای اولیه و مهم در اجرای مهندسی ارزش، فاز تحلیل کارکردهای محصول است. در این مقاله، با توسعه روش تحلیل حالت‌ها و اثرات واماندگی محصول که یکی از روش‌های تحلیل ریسک عملکرد نادرست محصول در استاندارد ملی آمریکا است، چارچوبی برای اجرای فاز تحلیل کارکردهای محصول در بستر این روش فراهم می‌شود. مزیت مهم این چارچوب این است که ضمن اجرای گام به گام و قاعده‌مند فرآیند تحلیل کارکردهای محصول، ریسک واماندگی کارکردها که یکی از عوامل پنهان تاثیرگذار بر ارزش کارکردهای محصول است را آشکارسازی کرده و در محاسبه ارزش واقعی کارکردها جهت شناسایی کارکردهای کم ارزش، برای معرفی به فاز خلاقیتِ مهندسی ارزش دخالت می‌‎دهد. استفاده از این چارچوب همچنین می‌تواند باعث کاهش زمان و هزینه توسعه محصول جدید و ارائه آن به بازار و پیش ‎دستی نسبت به رقبا ‎شود. چارچوب پیشنهادی این مطالعه می‌تواند در کلیه صنایع مرتبط با طراحی و ساخت محصولات مورد استفاده قرار گیرد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

An Improved Failure Modes and Effects Analysis as a New Framework to perform the Function Analysis Phase of products in the Value Engineering

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mohamad Fazli
  • Mehrdad Kazerooni
Department of Mechanical Engineering, K.N. Toosi University of Technology, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

Increasing product value is a topic that is always a concern for manufacturers. In the case one of the best methodologies is value engineering. There are different steps for performing value engineering in different sources. One of the important and primary phases in performing value engineering is the functional analysis phase. According to this paper, it is possible to perform the product function analysis phase in the proposed improved failure modes and effects analysis framework that is one of the ways of the correct performance analyzing of the products in the National Standard of America. Using of proposed framework not only performs the function analysis process step by step but also reveals one of the hidden factors which are effective on the value of the product functions. In this way, failure risk is revealed in order to calculate the real value and recognize the low-value functions for introducing to the value engineering creativity phase. On the other hand one of the advantages of using the framework presented in this paper is that due to the symmetry of the time to run failure modes and effects analysis and implement value engineering, it integrates a part of the implementation of failure modes and effects analysis and value engineering.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • value engineering
  • Function analysis
  • Failure modes and effects analysis
  • Reliability
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