A. Ghadimi, R. Saidur, H. Metselaar, A review of nanofluid stability properties and characterization in stationary conditions, International journal of heat and mass transfer, 54(17-18) (2011) 4051-4068.
 Z. Haddad, C. Abid, H.F. Oztop, A. Mataoui, A review on how the researchers prepare their nanofluids, International Journal of Thermal Sciences, 76 (2014) 168-189.
 Y. Li, S. Tung, E. Schneider, S. Xi, A review on development of nanofluid preparation and characterization, Powder technology, 196(2) (2009) 89-101.
 W. Yu, H. Xie, A review on nanofluids: preparation, stability mechanisms, and applications, Journal of nanomaterials, 2012 (2012).
 S. Özerinç, S. Kakaç, A.G. Yazıcıoğlu, Enhanced thermal conductivity of nanofluids: a state-of-the-art review, Microfluidics and Nanofluidics, 8(2) (2010) 145-170.
 S. Murshed, K. Leong, C. Yang, Thermophysical and electrokinetic properties of nanofluids–a critical review, Applied Thermal Engineering, 28(17-18) (2008) 2109-2125.
 M. Chandrasekar, S. Suresh, T. Senthilkumar, Mechanisms proposed through experimental investigations on thermophysical properties and forced convective heat transfer characteristics of various nanofluids–A review, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 16(6) (2012) 3917-3938.
 J. Philip, P.D. Shima, Thermal properties of nanofluids, Advances in colloid and interface science, 183 (2012) 30-45.
 S. Suresh, K. Venkitaraj, P. Selvakumar, M. Chandrasekar, Effect of Al2O3–Cu/water hybrid nanofluid in heat transfer, Experimental Thermal and Fluid Science, 38 (2012) 54-60.
 S. Halelfadl, T. Maré, P. Estellé, Efficiency of carbon nanotubes water based nanofluids as coolants, Experimental Thermal and Fluid Science, 53 (2014) 104-110.
 M. Mehrali, E. Sadeghinezhad, S.T. Latibari, S.N. Kazi, M. Mehrali, M.N.B.M. Zubir, H.S.C. Metselaar, Investigation of thermal conductivity and rheological properties of nanofluids containing graphene nanoplatelets, Nanoscale research letters, 9(1) (2014) 15.
 D. Madhesh, R. Parameshwaran, S. Kalaiselvam, Experimental investigation on convective heat transfer and rheological characteristics of Cu–TiO2 hybrid nanofluids, Experimental Thermal and Fluid Science, 52 (2014) 104-115.
 Z. Haddad, H.F. Oztop, E. Abu-Nada, A. Mataoui, A review on natural convective heat transfer of nanofluids, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 16(7) (2012) 5363-5378.
 A. Kuznetsov, D. Nield, Natural convective boundary-layer flow of a nanofluid past a vertical plate, International Journal of Thermal Sciences, 49(2) (2010) 243-247.
 A. Behseresht, A. Noghrehabadi, M. Ghalambaz, Natural-convection heat and mass transfer from a vertical cone in porous media filled with nanofluids using the practical ranges of nanofluids thermo-physical properties, Chemical Engineering Research and Design, 92(3) (2014) 447-452.
 D. Nield, A. Kuznetsov, The Cheng–Minkowycz problem for natural convective boundary-layer flow in a porous medium saturated by a nanofluid, International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 52(25) (2009) 5792-5795.
 A. Noghrehabadi, M. Ghalambaz, A. Ghanbarzadeh, Effects of variable viscosity and thermal conductivity on natural-convection of nanofluids past a vertical plate in porous media, Journal of Mechanics, 30(3) (2014) 265-275.
 P. Keblinski, S. Phillpot, S. Choi, J. Eastman, Mechanisms of heat flow in suspensions of nano-sized particles (nanofluids), International journal of heat and mass transfer, 45(4) (2002) 855-863.
 M.M. Seyed Hossein Hosseini, Investigate the methods available for the stability of nanofluids and their effect on thermal conductivity, Nanotechnology journal, 4 (12) 28-32 in persian.
 R. Rosensweig, Ferrohydrodynamics Dover, New York, (1997).
 M. Krakov, I. Nikiforov, To the influence of uniform magnetic field on thermomagnetic convection in square cavity, Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials, 252 (2002) 209-211.
 H. Yamaguchi, I. Kobori, Y. Uehata, Heat transfer in natural convection of magnetic fluids, Journal of thermophysics and heat transfer, 13(4) (1999) 501-507.
 H. Yamaguchi, I. Kobori, Y. Uehata, K. Shimada, Natural convection of magnetic fluid in a rectangular box, Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic materials, 201(1-3) (1999) 264-267.
 A. Gavili, M. Lajvardi, J. Sabbaghzadeh, The effect of magnetic field gradient on ferrofluids heat transfer in a two-dimensional enclosure, Journal of Computational and Theoretical Nanoscience, 7(8) (2010) 1425-1435.
 H. Kikura, T. Sawada, T. Tanahashi, Natural convection of a magnetic fluid in a cubic enclosure, Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic materials, 122(1-3) (1993) 315-318.
 T. Sawada, H. Kikura, A. Saito, T. Tanahashi, Natural convection of a magnetic fluid in concentric horizontal annuli under nonuniform magnetic fields, Experimental thermal and fluid science, 7(3) (1993) 212-220.
 S.M. Snyder, T. Cader, B.A. Finlayson, Finite element model of magnetoconvection of a ferrofluid, Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials, 262(2) (2003) 269-279.
 D. Zablockis, V. Frishfelds, E. Blums, Numerical investigation of thermomagnetic convection in a heated cylinder under the magnetic field of a solenoid, Journal of physics: condensed matter, 20(20) (2008) 204134.
 M. Asfer, B. Mehta, A. Kumar, S. Khandekar, P.K. Panigrahi, Effect of magnetic field on laminar convective heat transfer characteristics of ferrofluid flowing through a circular stainless steel tube, International Journal of Heat and Fluid Flow, 59 (2016) 74-86.
 N. Hatami, A.K. Banari, A. Malekzadeh, A. Pouranfard, The effect of magnetic field on nanofluids heat transfer through a uniformly heated horizontal tube, Physics Letters A, 381(5) (2017) 510-515.
 M. Yarahmadi, H.M. Goudarzi, M. Shafii, Experimental investigation into laminar forced convective heat transfer of ferrofluids under constant and oscillating magnetic field with different magnetic field arrangements and oscillation modes, Experimental Thermal and Fluid Science, 68 (2015) 601-611.
 L.S. Sundar, M. Naik, K. Sharma, M. Singh, T.C.S. Reddy, Experimental investigation of forced convection heat transfer and friction factor in a tube with Fe3O4 magnetic nanofluid, Experimental Thermal and Fluid Science, 37 (2012) 65-71.
 Y.-C. Chiang, J.-J. Chieh, C.-C. Ho, The magnetic-nanofluid heat pipe with superior thermal properties through magnetic enhancement, Nanoscale research letters, 7(1) (2012) 322.
 M. Goharkhah, M. Ashjaee, M. Shahabadi, Experimental investigation on convective heat transfer and hydrodynamic characteristics of magnetite nanofluid under the influence of an alternating magnetic field, International Journal of Thermal Sciences, 99 (2016) 113-124.
 P. Berger, N.B. Adelman, K.J. Beckman, D.J. Campbell, A.B. Ellis, G.C. Lisensky, Preparation and properties of an aqueous ferrofluid, Journal of Chemical Education, 76(7) (1999) 943.
 T. Lee, J.H. Lee, Y.H. Jeong, Flow boiling critical heat flux characteristics of magnetic nanofluid at atmospheric pressure and low mass flux conditions, International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 56(1-2) (2013) 101-106.
 O. Mahian, A. Kianifar, C. Kleinstreuer, A.-N. Moh’d A, I. Pop, A.Z. Sahin, S. Wongwises, A review of entropy generation in nanofluid flow, International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 65 (2013) 514-532.
 F.P. Incropera, A.S. Lavine, T.L. Bergman, D.P. DeWitt, Fundamentals of heat and mass transfer, Wiley, 2007.
 A. Bejan, A.D. Kraus, Heat transfer handbook, John Wiley & Sons, 2003.
 M. Pastoriza-Gallego, L. Lugo, J. Legido, M. Piñeiro, Enhancement of thermal conductivity and volumetric behavior of Fe x O y nanofluids, Journal of Applied Physics, 110(1) (2011) 014309.
 M. Lajvardi, J. Moghimi-Rad, I. Hadi, A. Gavili, T.D. Isfahani, F. Zabihi, J. Sabbaghzadeh, Experimental investigation for enhanced ferrofluid heat transfer under magnetic field effect, Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials, 322(21) (2010) 3508-3513.
 M. Yarahmadi, H. Moazami Goudarzi, M.B. Shafii, Experimental investigation into laminar forced convective heat transfer of ferrofluids under constant and oscillating magnetic field with different magnetic field arrangements and oscillation modes, Experimental Thermal and Fluid Science, 68 (2015) 601-611.
 K. Okada, H. Ozoe, Experimental heat transfer rates of natural convection of molten gallium suppressed under an external magnetic field in either the X, Y, or Z direction, (1992).