تحلیل انرژی، اگزرژی و ترمواکونومیکی سیکل ترکیبی نوین پیل‌سوختی‌اکسیدجامد و ریفرمینگ بخار آب بیوگاز برای تولید همزمان توان و هیدروژن

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشگاه محقق اردبیلی

2 محقق اردبیلی-فنی و مهندسی- مهندسی مکانیک

چکیده

در این مقاله، پیکربندی جدیدی از سیستم ترکیبی پیل‌سوختی‌اکسیدجامد/ توربین گازی با سیکل ریفرمینگ بیوگاز با اهداف تولید همزمان توان و هیدروژن ارائه شده است. حرارت خروجی از سیستم پایه پیل‌سوختی‌اکسید جامد جهت تأمین انرژی لازم واکنش ریفرمینگ و راه‌اندازی سیکل ریفرمینگ بیوگاز برای تولید هیدروژن مورد استفاده قرار گرفته است. مدل‌سازی جامع ترمودینامیکی و ترمواکونومیکی با استفاده از برنامه ای‌‌ای‌اس انجام گرفته است. همچنین مطالعه پارامتریک جهت بررسی تأثیر پارامترهای مختلف بر روی توان خالص خروجی، بازده انرژی و اگزرژی، نرخ تخریب اگزرژی و مجموع هزینه واحد محصول کل سیستم مورد تحلیل قرار گرفته است. نتایج نشان می‌دهد که بازده انرژی و اگزرژی سیستم ترکیبی پیشنهادی در مقایسه با سیستم پایه پیل‌سوختی‌اکسیدجامد/ توربین گازی به‌ترتیب به میزان 23/31% و 28/19% افزایش یافته است. توان خالص خروجی و دبی جرمی هیدروژن کل سیستم به‌ترتیب 2726 کیلووات و    07453 /0کیلوگرم در ثانیه به‌دست آمده است. از تحلیل اگزرژی کل سیستم، این نتیجه حاصل شد که جزء پس‌سوز بیش‌ترین سهم را در بین سایر اجزای سیستم در حدود 26% از نرخ تخریب اگزرژی کل به خود اختصاص داده است. با افزایش دمای ورودی پیل سوختی، ولتاژ پیل در دمای 679 کلوین به حداکثر مقدار می‌رسد و سپس کاهش می‌یابد. در نتیجه، بازده انرژی و اگزرژی به بیشترین مقدار رسیده و سپس کاهش می‌یابد. علاوه بر این، نرخ تخریب اگزرژی و مجموع هزینه واحد محصول کل سیستم ترکیبی به‌ترتیب برابر 1532 کیلووات و 9400 دلار بر گیگاژول محاسبه شده است.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Energy, Exergy and Thermoeconomic Analysis of the Novel Combined Cycle of Solid Oxide Fuel Cell and Biogas Steam Reforming for Cogeneration Power and Hydrogen

نویسندگان [English]

  • Elahe Soleimani 1
  • Saeed Ghavami Gargari 1
  • Hadi Ghaebi 2
  • Shahin Basiri 1
1 University of Mohaghegh Ardabili
2 محقق اردبیلی-فنی و مهندسی- مهندسی مکانیک
چکیده [English]

In this paper, a new configuration of a solid oxide fuel cell/gas turbine combined cycle system with a biogas reforming cycle is presented for the purpose of coproduction production of power and hydrogen. The heat output from the base system of the solid oxide fuel cell/gas turbine is used to supply the energy required for the reforming reaction and to drive the biogas reforming cycle for hydrogen production. Comprehensive thermodynamic and thermoeconomic modeling has been performed using engineering equation solver software. Also, the parametric study has been analyzed for the effect of different parameters on the net output power, energy and exergy efficiency, exergy destruction rate, and the sum unit cost products of the whole system. The results show that the energy efficiency and exergy efficiency of the proposed combined system have increased the comparison of the solid oxide fuel cell/gas turbine system by 23.31% and 28.19%, respectively. The net output power and hydrogen production rate are obtained at 2726 kW and 0.07453 kg/s, respectively. From the exergy viewpoint, the afterburner causes a considerable amount of exergy destruction for the system by approximately 26% of the total exergy destruction rate. By increasing the inlet temperature fuel cell, the cell voltage reaches a maximum value at a temperature of 679 K and then decreases. As a result, energy and exergy efficiency are maximized and then reduced. Besides, the total exergy destruction rate and sum unit cost product of the cogeneration system is calculated equals to 1532 kW and 9400 $/GJ, respectively.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Cogeneration system
  • Oxide fuel cell
  • Steam reforming
  • Energy and exergy
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