Numerical Simulation of Induced Vibrations Due to Low-Frequency Flow Oscillations around Piezoelectric Blades to Design the Best Configuration for Energy Harvesting

Document Type : Research Article

Authors

CFD, Turbulence and Combustion Research Lab., Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Qom, Qom, Iran

Abstract

One of the most important issues facing today's society is the issue of energy production and the challenges surrounding it. For this reason, it is very important to address the issue of energy harvesting from various methods. One of these methods is energy harvesting from vibrations caused by fluid flow. Vibrations generated by the fluid flow around three parallel piezoelectric blades behind a circular cylinder at different longitudinal distances can be one of the best options for examining and evaluating the amount of electrical voltage generated by piezoelectric blade vibrations. According to this study, a situation in which the middle piezoelectric blade is shifted by half the length of the blade to the right and the direction of the clamp is opposite to the direction of the clamp of the up and down blades is the optimal structure for voltage output and reducing collision probability. Due to the reduced probability of the blades colliding with each other in this optimal state, the maximum Reynolds number without the blades colliding increased from 2400 in non-optimal structures to 2600 in the optimal structure, which increased the voltage output in the middle blade by 12% and about 14% for up and down blades.

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