Investigation of different internal flows using different transitional models

Document Type : Research Article


Department of Mechanical Engineering, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran


Prediction of flow behavior in the transition region is the key issue in many scientific problems. Many attempts have been made by researchers to propose and modify the models estimating the flow behavior in this region. In these flows, the governing equations, including the continuity, the Navier-Stokes, and the transmittancy along with the SST models are solved simultaneously to predict the flow behavior. There are several coefficients in the governing equations which affect the flow simulation. In this study, the transitional SST model is modified by altering two coefficients in the intermittency equation. A combination of these coefficients are implemented, and the effects are studied. In order to assess the suitability of the proposed models, they are applied to three individual internal flows, including a smooth axisymmetric pipe, two parallel plates, and a backward-facing step. Different variables such as the friction factor coefficient, fully developed friction factor, and the reattachment length are explored. A comparison between the results and both analytical and experimental data confirms a good accuracy in the predictions. Furthermore, the presented models the entrance length is well predicted in turbulent and transitional flows.


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