عنوان مقاله [English]
Heat transfer and hydraulic performance for flow in a rectangular channel with LVGs (longitudinal vortex generators) are experimentally investigated using the different shape of LVGs. Firstly, a precise and reliable experimental setup was designed and fabricated to generate a constant heat flux boundary condition. In order to analyze the effect of shaped LVGs, three different of the rectangular, trapezoidal and delta winglet pair vortex generators with and without punched holes on the flow field and heat transfer characteristics at the different attack angle of 15º, 30º, 45º and 60º with a small thickness has been studied. Effects of the number of punched holes were evaluated by using dimensionless numbers, friction coefficient ratio (f/f0), Nusselt number ratio (Nu/Nu0) and overall performance ((Nu/Nu0)/(f/f0)). According to the experimental results, the rectangular winglet pair without punched holes vortex generator has the highest values of friction factor ratio and increased with bigger attack angle. The friction factor decreased and heat transfer and also overall performance increased with implementing of perforated rectangular, trapezoidal and delta winglet pair in the channel but in the case of implementing trapezoidal vortex generator with two punched holes heat transfer is a little more than the vortex generator with three punched holes.